如何优化孩子的 "屏幕时间"

几天前,我的一个朋友说:"我觉得我女儿的屏幕时间太长了",当时我们正和家人在餐厅里吃饭。当她说这句话时,她同时着手从她的手提包里拿出一个平板电脑,放在她的孩子面前,"这样大人们就可以好好地聊天了"。我不怪她;当我的孩子还小的时候,我也多次使用同样的策略,而且我也为此感到内疚。然而,从那时起,我对这个话题进行了深入研究,部分原因是家长和同事对这个问题有很多疑问。作为一名教育工作者和学者,我觉得我有责任为父母提供具体的、科学的答案,以帮助他们对孩子的福利和发展做出明智的决定。我相信,我所发现的对父母来说是个好消息。

什么是 "屏幕时间"?

首先,我们需要仔细定义 "屏幕时间 "的含义。一个孩子花几个小时弯着腰在无人监督的情况下看Youtube视频,和一个孩子与兄弟姐妹一起玩适龄的电子游戏,两者之间有天壤之别。"屏幕时间 "是一个过于模糊的术语:它可以包括电视、游戏、视频、电脑上的作业、教育应用程序等。孩子获得的屏幕时间的种类实际上比花在屏幕上的时间本身更有意义。以下规则可以帮助父母对孩子的 "屏幕时间 "有更清晰的认识。

屏幕时间能带来好处吗?

是的,当它包括。

  • 教育性的应用程序,对于大一点的孩子,任何与编码有关的东西都可以。
  • 适合年龄的互动视频游戏,尤其是需要快速处理多任务或涉及建筑的游戏:这些游戏可以帮助发展精细运动技能并改善认知功能
  • 可以和别人一起玩的游戏
  • 涉及物理成分的游戏(如Wii体育,对运动技能和手眼协调有很好的帮助)。
  • 适合作为家庭观看的电影,作为一个特殊的时间一起观看

屏幕时间应该受到限制吗?

是的,当它包括。

  • 任何非互动的屏幕时间(看电视或录像)。
  • 不涉及与他人互动的屏幕时间

什么时候不应该允许使用屏幕时间?

当它包括。

  • 在没有监督的情况下观看在线视频或使用互联网
  • 玩与年龄不相称的游戏

孩子的屏幕时间 - 幼儿的屏幕时间

哪些是 "屏幕时间 "的负面效应?

A second, important key to understanding this issue is to think about what children are doing while they are getting “screen time”. For example, when my son plays football outside for hours, as he does almost every day, I have no problem with him coming home to play a few video games on his console. If he has just watched an entire film with his sister, however, I tend to steer him away from the video games, because I feel it is time for him to be active. Screen time becomes a problem when it prevents children from doing sports, playing with their friends or siblings, playing outside, reading, doing their homework or communicating with others, face to face. In the case of my friend’s toddler at the restaurant, I gently suggested that we spend a little bit of time playing with her and reading her a book before our meal arrived. Her daughter was all smiles and babble, and then she got very busy making an extraordinary mess with her food and getting lots of laughs and attention for it; none of this would have happened had she been stuck on a tablet. After the meal, she did get a little restless and grumpy, at which point her mother gave her the tablet to play with so we could have a conversation over coffee. I thought this was a balanced way to deal with the issue of screen time, and I got to have fun with both the little girl and her mother!

哪些是 "屏幕时间 "的积极影响?

关于屏幕时间的辩论的最后一个方面是,我们必须认识到,技术是不会消失的。让我们的孩子完全远离屏幕,从长远来看,将使他们失去许多机会。屏幕已经取代了图书馆、字典、教科书、教育纪录片等等:我们从未想过要禁止这些知识来源,那么我们为什么要禁止取代它们的屏幕呢?

什么是适当的行为?

作为成年人,我们有责任 向我们的孩子展示什么是适当和平衡地使用技术的样子。 By far the most powerful tool we have to raise our children is our own behavior: children copy what they see, much more so than they listen to what they are told. In other words, if we tell our children to stay away from their screen, but we spend hours on our phone or computer in front of them, we are wasting our breath. Small details like putting our phone down when we have a conversation, giving children our full attention and eye contact when we greet them or forbidding screens at the dinner table for the entire family, can make a big difference. I cannot tell you how many times I have hidden my phone under a cushion and ostentatiously picked up a book when I heard my children coming home!

电脑和平板电脑在很多方面都比它们正在迅速取代的电视机要好:它们提供的体验不那么被动,对我们的大脑和身体更有挑战性,而且完全更有教育意义。与其禁止或严格限制屏幕时间,不如让我们成为孩子们需要的精通技术的父母:在我们自己使用技术的过程中,要有鉴别力,要有信息,要有机会,要有平衡。

作者:南希-勒内泽博士(Nancy Le Nezet)。 卡塔尔瑞士国际学校"