学习其他语言的优势

多年来,许多学术论文已经发表,详细介绍了学习其他语言对认知的益处。神经心理学或心理生物学的研究揭示了双语和多语对人类大脑的众多健康益处。

在我们生活中的某个时刻,我们都感受过无法用合适的词语来描述我们的想法和感受的挫折感,希望当这些词语最终涌上心头时,我们会有一种可喜的解脱感。例如,当我们感受到悲伤或愤怒的情绪时,利用我们的语言,在那些时刻用精确的词语组合来帮助我们,会感觉有点像宣泄,甚至是治疗。

Even in moments of happiness we can struggle to think of the best way to express our love for someone, or to write a cool-sounding birthday message, or even to write an article on the topic of language, itself, for a school magazine, and so on. But have you ever considered how acquiring a foreign language might also help you to advance your cognitive skills in your own native language?

一门语言让你走上人生之路。两种语言可以打开沿途的每一扇门。
- 弗兰克-史密斯

保持你的大脑年轻

Whether you are young, middle-aged or elderly, language learning will be delicious nourishment for your precious grey matter. So, how about some food for thought on this matter? Well, the cognitive tasks involved when learning a language, such as, engaging the working memory, inductive reasoning, task switching and sound discrimination, link very closely to the areas of the brain which are most associated with declines due to ageing. So, paradoxically, the things that make language learning so frustratingly difficult for older people are the very things that make all the effort so beneficial.

获得更高的薪水

As for young people, the benefits of learning a second, third, or even, fourth language, are perhaps even more in currency within our modern, globalized, economic zeitgeist. Employers in this globalized workplace are acutely aware of the importance for their employees to have multilingual skills, and many companies are willing to place a value on this and compensate employees for their expertise. Put simply, it is likely that you will be better paid if you can communicate in more than one language, because international companies need a management workforce who can tap into the emerging markets around the world. You see, just by having the ability to communicate in two languages, you can fulfill the function of two monolingual employees for less than twice the price, which already makes you a hotter commodity!

拓展你的生活

除了这些明显的经济利益和职业前景外,学习其他语言可以以文化上有益的方式扩大你的生活经验。这几乎可以让人感觉到你能够过一种额外的生活,因为你将有机会接触到另一种思想体系。新的文化可能性将向你敞开,例如,文学、音乐、政治、食物和游戏。在这一点上,请允许我借用塔尼塔-蒂卡拉姆的歌词中的几段摘录。 我的清醒中的转折,以扩大我的观点。

All good people read good books, now your conscience is clear; I hear you talk girl, now your conscience is clear………. I don’t care about their different thoughts; different thoughts are good for me…..
- 塔尼塔-蒂卡拉姆

结交更多朋友

我一直在谈论的这种社会互动的一个积极的副产品是,它将为潜在的友谊开辟新的途径,因为与别人用他们的母语交谈会让你更好地了解他们的想法和感受;他们将能够向你表达他们更细微和复杂的想法,而你,也将能够以令人满意的方式回应和表达自己。

活得更长久

If you are still not convinced that learning other languages can help you in your lives in any way, shape or form, you might want to consider the vast amount of scientific data supporting the desideratum of living a longer life. Neuroscience research has shown over the years how learning languages actually increases the density of grey matter, thus providing a higher level of brain function. With such advantages for our brains, the onset of debilitating ageing diseases that can shorten lives, such as, Dementia and Alzheimer’s, can be potentially offset and delayed, if not defeated. So learning other languages can increase the brain’s defense mechanisms and help it to fight against and overcome these potential life-shortening diseases.

摘要

因此,我希望你能看到,学习其他语言有许多好处,对健康有许多好处,而且在获得这些技能方面的努力可以让你获得各种愿望。

  1. 你将更熟练地掌握我们自己的母语
  2. 你将拥有更高的大脑功能
  3. 你可以得到更好的工作和更高的工资标准
  4. 你可以增强我们的文化体验
  5. 你可以活得更久、更充实

我现在要把一个人的话留给你们,他自己漫长而多事的一生可以被看作是上述所有情况的明显证明--纳尔逊-曼德拉先生。

如果你用一个人听得懂的语言和他说话,那就会进入他的大脑。如果你用他自己的语言与他交谈,那就会进入他的内心。
- 纳尔逊-曼德拉

By Satit Bilingual School of Rangsit University