21世纪的教育。双语小学的跨学科学习

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蒙塔纳学院我们相信,学校不仅仅是学术,它是一种宝贵的经验,它将为孩子们应对现代生活的挑战做好准备。仅仅在数学、德语或文学方面对他们进行培训是不够的,因为未来的工作可能在几年内由于数字化而不存在。现代教育应该把重点放在技能上,这些技能对在21世纪蓬勃发展至关重要,而这正是跨学科学习的创造性方法的所在。

在我们的学生 双语小学 不仅仅是学习学校的科目 Lehrplan 21 但也要发展21世纪的基本技能,这是由以下定义的 肯-罗宾逊爵士:

  1. 好奇心:有能力提出问题并探索世界如何运作。
  2. 创造性:有能力发展新的想法并将其应用于实践中
  3. 批评:有能力分析信息和想法,以及制定合理的论点和判断
  4. 沟通: the ability to express thoughts and feelings clearly and confidently in a wide range of media
  5. 协作: the ability to work constructively with others
  6. 怜悯之心:有能力同情他人并采取相应行动
  7. 稳重: the ability to connect with the inner world of emotions and develop a sense of personal harmony and balance.
  8. 公民身份: the ability to participate constructively in shaping society.

什么是跨学科学习?

Transdisciplinary learning enables students to create connections between various school subjects while exploring a relevant concept, issue, or problem. It integrates the perspectives of the common school disciplines to get a deeper understanding of the versatility of the concept.

Through this approach, which is linked to the children’s interests and current events and trends in our time, the children should learn to apply their knowledge. The aim is to learn for life sustainably and not just to memorize specialized knowledge for an exam quickly.  This should be made possible by transdisciplinary, cooperative, competence-oriented, and creative lessons in connection with digital media.

为什么跨学科学习很重要?

Michael Gruneberg在他的书中解释说 "记忆的理论方面" that our memory is context-based, meaning that we quickly lose knowledge if it is not connected to anything.
 Transdisciplinary learning is important because it helps create these connections by getting the same idea across various subjects and explaining it in a practical way, which is easy to understand. It is so important nowadays that students learn to solve problems creatively. They need to know that there is often more than just one way to solve a problem. 

此外,各种研究表明,不同的学习方法和材料可以提高学生对信息的保留和记忆。

学习金字塔由美国国家培训实验室开发的 "美国国家培训实验室 "表明,大多数学生只记得他们从教科书上读到的大约10%的内容,但他们通过教别人学到的东西却保留了将近90%。 

跨学科学习有助于我们的教师应用金字塔中所列的各种最有效的教学方法,从而帮助学生记住他们的课程。

跨学科学习在课堂上是怎样的?

的课程。 双语小学 is built around 6 general themes for the year and all the subjects are linked around each theme. By keeping the general themes the same for each grade, teachers can provide consistency and track progression over the years.

所有的课程都是非常互动的,具有创造性,并促进团队合作。我们的小学生与平板电脑和M365合作,发展关键的数字技能。 

让我们以纸张浪费这个话题为例。在专门讨论纸张浪费的系列课程开始时,小学生们观看了一段由绿色和平组织制作的视频,其中描述了纸张生产对雨林的破坏。然后,学生们被要求计算他们在一周内使用了多少纸张,包括笔记本页、绘画纸和卫生纸。数学老师用他们的结果制作了一张纸张使用量的图表,并解释了百分比。在手工课上,学生们了解了过去是如何制造纸张的,并能自己动手制作纸张。在英语和德语课上,学生们参加了诗歌朗诵会,他们写诗激励世界停止浪费纸张。 
这个话题启发了我们的一些小学生,鼓励他们的父母改用再生纸,并对环境问题产生浓厚的兴趣。

跨学科教育方法的优势

与传统的教育方法相比,跨学科学习具有许多优势。

  • 学生们发展了发散性思维和创造力。 The modern education system fosters convergent thinking, which means applying a fixed set of rules to arrive at a single solution to the problem. On the other hand, divergent thinking is a more free-flowing process, leading to several creative solutions to a single task. Both divergent and convergent thinking are important, but encouraging only the latter can lead to loss of creativity and critical thinking, which are the essential skills in the 21st century.
  • 学生在学习中看到更多的意义. Many students learn because they are told so by their school and their parents. The transdisciplinary approach connects one topic to many school subjects, allowing students to understand the topic much deeper, see the connections, and realize why they are learning about it. This system also makes it easier for them to remember what they learned.
  • 学生们的积极性更高。 Connecting a topic to various school subjects requires a certain level of creativity from teachers. It makes the lessons more engaging and, as our experience shows, creates curiosity and motivation in students to discover one topic from different and sometimes even unexpected angles.
  • 学生们学习一种问题的语言。 跨学科学习鼓励学生从不同角度看待一个问题。他们学习现实生活中的多面性,发展批判性思维,并理解通常有不止一种方法和不止一种正确的解决方案来解决一个问题。如今,这种思维方式是许多猎头公司非常欣赏和追捧的。
  • Students build up confidence. The transdisciplinary approach encourages students to speak up their opinion in class, even though it might be wrong. It helps students build up confidence and talk more easily, without being afraid of punishment with bad grades or peer judgment.

总体而言。 蒙塔纳学院 他们看到了跨学科方法的显著优势,并认为他们的孩子现在对学习过程更加投入和感兴趣。

撰写人

Montana Zugerberg研究所

Institut Montana Zugerberg

Institut Montana Zugerberg is a fully accredited Swiss international boarding school for 90 years now and since 1987 an official IB World School. The School’s longstanding experience in academic excellence allows us to ideally prepare students as well educated and confident individuals ready for success at world-renowned international universities.